In light of the current financial crisis, it has become more urgent than ever before to change and improve the way we do business. Economic practice is also a form of cultural practice – and one of particular interest. How has the relationship between economics and culture evolved historically? How does economic practice function in other contemporary cultures? And most importantly, what kind of economic world can and should we strive for in the future? These are some of the questions which leading economists, scholars and cultural artists discussed at the event series “Cultures of Economics” held on three days in May and June 2010.
The first conference “Insights – Marvellous Markets” investigated the facets of changing economic forms. The second event “Shifting Perspectives – Economics in Spite of Ourselves” illustrated the relationship between economy and culture. The third conference “New Vistas – Desire to Win!” encouraged participants to develop utopias for a new culture of economics.
7 May 2010
Insights – Marvellous Markets
Economic historians differentiate between ancient and modern views of economic activity. Since the end of the Middle Ages, business has become an increasingly integral part of our way of life. This event examined the cultural conditions of current economic forms and their socio-historic transformations.
Moderator: Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Bertram Schefold (Frankfurt), chair of Economics at the Johann Wolfgang-Goethe Universität. His research work focuses on capital theory, environmental economics and the history of theory. Guest observer: Frauke Liesenborghs, Managing Director of Global Challenges Network e.V.
Prof. Dr. Adelheid Biesecker (Bremen)
Ms. Biesecker is a professor emeritus of Economics. She was one of the directors of the Institute for Institutional and Social Economics in Bremen and served as a member of the inquiry committee on the “Future of Civic Commitment” in the German Bundestag. One of her chief areas of research involves developing alternatives to neoliberal globalisation.
Dr. Dambisa Moyo (London / New York)
Ms. Moyo is an economist with postgraduate degrees from Harvard and Oxford University. Her former employers include the World Bank and Goldman Sachs. In 2009 she was distinguished as a “Young Global Leader” by the World Economic Forum. Ms. Moyo is a critic of current foreign aid policies and develops viable alternatives, which do not rely, for example, on coupling democracy with market economics.
Prof. Dr. Ingo Pies (Halle-Wittenberg)
Mr. Pies is the chair of Economic Ethics at the Martin-Luther-Universität in Halle. His main areas of research are economic and corporate ethics, global governance and corporate citizenship.
Prof. Dr. Yunxiang Yan (Los Angeles)
Mr. Yan teaches Anthropology at the University of California and is the director of UCLA’s Center for Chinese Studies. His research focuses on the relationship between globalization and patterns of individualization in China where he sees an alternative modernization process underway.
Introduction: Florian Wüst Europa im Werden – Der Schuman Plan, Eva Kroll, BRD 1952, 10'
Marketing, Pierre Long, FR/UK 1953, 17'
Mit beiden Füßen auf der Erde, DIE WAAGE, BRD 1959, 3'
Ilha das Flores, Jorge Furtado, BR 1989, 13'
Last Men Standing, Sasha Maja Djurkovic, UK 2005, 17'
Sieben bis zehn Millionen, Stefan Panhans, D 2005, 5'30''
4 June 2010
Shifting Perspectives – Economics in Spite of Ourselves
Most of us agree that the economy plays a dominant role in almost every area of life. What exactly is the relationship between culture and economics? To what degree do economic factors influence us, and how do religion, politics and human images influence economic forms? This event focused on the interaction between capitalism and cultural ways of life.
Moderator: Christian Schlüter, cultural affairs editor at the Frankfurter Rundschau, Guest observer: Anja Kohl, financial journalist and ARD stock market correspondent
Inflation, Hans Richter, D 1928, 3'
Kreislauf, Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband, D 1932, 2'
Free To Choose, Vol. 1 – The Power of the Market: The Pencil, Milton Friedman, USA 1980, 2'30''
Very Nice, Very Nice, Arthur Lipsett, CA 1961, 7'
Product Recall, Carey Young, UK 2007, 4'30''
Funny Bunny, Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband, D 1990, 1'
The Anarchist Banker, Jan Peter Hammer, D 2010, 30' Short discussion with Jan Peter Hammer
Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Brodbeck (Würzburg)
Mr. Brodbeck teaches Macroeconomics at the University of Applied Sciences in Würzburg. As a philosopher, economist, creativity researcher and economic ethicist, Mr. Brodbeck researches monetary theory, business ethics, creativity, society and Buddhist and intercultural philosophy.
Prof. Dr. Eva Illouz (Jerusalem)
Ms. Illouz is a professor of Sociology and Anthropology at Hebrew University. Her main areas of research include the analysis of capitalistic consumer society and media culture, as well as the significance of emotionality and rationality in relation to our economic form.
Prof. Dr. Thomas Pogge (New Haven)
Mr. Pogge is a Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale University. His research on innovative concepts of global justice examines the necessary changes to our current world order and a radical transformation of market-based and institutional structures for the benefit of the poor.
Prof. Brigitte Young, PhD (Münster)
Ms. Young teaches Political Economics at the Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität. She served as a member of the “Warwick Commission examining the future of the world trade system” and the inquiry committee on “Globalization of World Economics” in the German Bundestag. Her main areas of research include issues of political and gender-specific configuration of world economics in the context of globalization.
25 June 2010
New Vistas – Desire to Win!
If we have indeed come to a crossroads today, then we should venture beyond analysis and set our sights on innovative forms and cultures of economics. What might a viable and sustainable global economic system look like in the future? Do we need a change of paradigm in order to reflect on and shape the future? This event aimed to counter the widespread perplexity with utopian possibilities.
Moderator: Prof. Dr. Armin Nassehi (Munich), chair of Sociology at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität with specialization in cultural sociology, political sociology, and sociology of knowledge and science. Guest observer: Dietlind Klemm, moderator and writer
The Birth of the Robot, Len Lye, UK 1935, 7'
Die Natur ist entscheidend, BV-Aral AG, BRD 1954, 2'30''
The World of Buckminster Fuller: Dymaxion House + Dymaxion Car, Robert Snyder, USA 1971, 7'30''
Automania 2000, John Halas & Joy Batchelor, UK 1963, 10'
Catching, Hannaleena Hauru, FI/AR 2009, 12'
Banküberfall, Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, D 2001, 1'
Kempinski, Neil Beloufa, FR 2007, 15'
Prof. Dr. Rahel Jaeggi (Berlin)
Ms. Jaeggi teaches Social and Legal Philosophy at the Humboldt-Universität with a focus on political philosophy, philosophical ethics and anthropology. Her research addresses, among other things, the topicality and significance of terms like “criticism” and “alienation” and their application in the economic system.
Prof. Dr. Elena Esposito (Bologna)
Ms. Esposito teaches Sociology at the University of Modena-Reggio Emilia. As a systems theorist, she focuses primarily on media and fashion theory, memory research and the formation of economic theories with regard to their impact in and on the future.
Prof. Stephan Klasen PhD (Göttingen)
Stephan Klasen holds the chair of Development Economics and Empirical Economics Research at the Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen. He is the coordinator of the Courant Research Center for “Poverty, Equity, and Growth in Developing and Transition Countries” and heads the Ibero-American Institute for Economic Research.
Prof. Dr. Julian Nida-Rümelin, former State Minister (Munich)
Mr. Nida-Rümelin is the chair of Philosophy at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and speaker for the executive master’s degree programme in “Philosophy-Politics-Economics”, which he co-established with Karl Homann. He has spent many years studying the relationship between economic rationality and common sense.
Research directors: Julian Nida-Rümelin, Tatjana Schönwälder-Kuntze
The following individuals have been appointed to the jury of the TURN Fund:
Koyo Kouoh is the founding artistic director of RAW Material Company, a center for art, knowledge and society in Dakar, Senegal, and the curator of 1:54 Contemporary African Art Fair in London and New York. She was recently appointed Artistic Director of Fabrica de Sabao, an art & innovation initiative in Luanda, Angola. Kouoh’s engaging theoretical, exhibition making and production practice has significantly contributed to a shift of paradigm in global curatorial perspectives of recent years. She was the curator of “Still (the) Barbarians”, the 37th EVA International, Ireland’s Biennial, and is the initiator of RAW Académie, an international study programme for artistic research and curatorial inquiry in Dakar.
Dr. Yvette Mutumba is an art historian, curator, journalist and author. She is the co-founder and chief editor of the art magazine Contemporary And (C&) and Senior Guest Reseacher of the project African Art Histories and the Formation of a Modern Aesthetic (2015-2018) at the University of Bayreuth. From 2012 to 2016, Mutumba was a curator at the Weltkulturen Museum in Frankfurt a.M. where she co-curated the exhibitions “Ware&Wissen”, “El Hadji Sy: Pating, Performance, Politics” and “A Labour of Love” (nominated for the Global Fine Arts Award 2016). Together with Julia Grosse she curated the “Focus: African Perspectives” of the Armory Show in New York in 2016.
Jan Goossens is the director of the Festival de Marseille, an international performing arts festival, strongly connected to the Mediterranean, the Middle East and Africa. From 2001 to 2016 he was the artistic director of Koninklijke Vlaamse Schouwburg in Brussels, which he transformed into a multi-disciplinary and multilingual city theater with a long-term exchange programme with Kinshasa and several other Central-African cities. From 2009 to 2015, he co-curated the annual arts festival ‘Connexion Kin’ in Kinshasa. He was the curator of the 2015 edition of ‘Dream City’, the arts biennial in the Medina of Tunis. and will be the curator of its 2017 edition. He is ‘Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres’ of the French Ministry of Culture.
Jonathan Fischer is a journalist, DJ and painter. Since 1990, he has been working as a free-lance journalist with the focus on African-American, African-Caribbean and African music and culture, among others for Bayerischer Rundfunk, Süddeutsche Zeitung, FAZ, Die Zeit, NZZ. Regular research trips to African countries (Mali, Senegal, DRC, Tanzania, South Africa and others). From 2001 to 2012, he produced radio features about street music in New Orleans, Durban, Havanna, Kinshasa and Bamako. He has been the editor of the Trikont series “Radical Black Music”. Since 2012, he has been active in educational projects with young refugees.
At the jury session on 25/26 April 2013, the jury recommended awarding 1.4 million euros in funding to twelve projects in seven German states. The Executive Board of the Federal Cultural Foundation also decided to grant 88,600 euros to eleven research projects.
In the second round of funding, the jury of the TURN Fund awarded a total of 1,787,000 euros to 14 new projects. During its joint session in March 2015, the jury awarded funding to another 15 projects with a total volume of 2,084,800 euros.
The Federal Cultural Foundation has allocated another four million euros in additional funding until 2019, thereby increasing the fund’s capital base to 10.4 million euros. This will permit the TURN Fund to conduct two additional rounds of applications in 2015 and 2016 and continue financing project-related forums.
At its most recent meeting on 15 June 2016, the Board of Trustees agreed to extend the TURN Fund until 2021 (originally scheduled to end in April 2020) with an additional 3.8 million euros which will finance two further rounds of applications.
TURN Meeting #2
took place in june 2016.
TURN Meeting #1
The TURN Meeting #1 On Perspectives, Facts and Fictions, scheduled to take place in Berlin from 26 to 28 June 2014, was a private working conference for all participants of the TURN Fund. The purpose of the “TURN Meeting #1” was to encourage dialogue between the institutions on thematic and methodical matters of their projects and provided insight into the debates and topics with which their colleagues on the continent are involved.
The programme included round-table discussions on various issues and questions, such as:
- Battle Zone of Representation – How Does One Write / Speak / Debate about Africa?
- Curating and Cooperating in Asymmetrical Relationships, Artistic Collaborations – Aesthetic Benefit or Artistic Dead End?
- Who Needs Archives – Creating and Preserving History
- The New “We” – Forms and Cultures of Cooperating
- Mimicry & Mockery – Afro-European Encounters
- Taking Risks. The Role of Risks in Artistic Work
Roundtable Pre-Writing History: Past/Future
The public was cordially invited to attend the round-table event on 27 June 2014 as part of the "TURN Meeting #1”, along with the presentation of the exhibition project "Giving Contours to Shadows" (external link, opens in a new window):
Teleological notions of time prescribed by the Enlightenment Project dictate that we have ideals, ideas and a concrete imagination about how the future should be (Elisio Macamo in his essay Accommodating Time-Confidence and Trust in African Everyday Life). Events that actually happened cannot be changed. But history can be narrated and written differently with new information, with a new perspective. A backward-oriented perspective is not satisfying for the present but instructive, since it teaches us to carefully reconsider the idea of the future. Can we pre-write future history? Could we write how we want it to be? Does there lie between Idealism and Realism a possible space of negotiation wherein a future history can be pre-written? In the context of Africa, the term “post” is a very important word that automatically connects with the past. Are there possible ways of thinking, where the prefix “post” would no longer be needed? What if we act beyond history, how is a future to be imagined?
Participants: Premesh Lalu (Professor of History, Director Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town), Elvira Dyangane Ose (curator, Tate Modern, London), Greg Tate (writer, musician, New York), Jimmy Ogonga (artist, Nairobi), moderated by Bonaventure Soh Bejeng Ndikung (curator, Art Director SAVVY Contemporary, Berlin)